Dental braces are procedure used to correct crowded or curved teeth, or an uneven jaw, known as malocclusion. They are most frequently used during teenage years, but more and more adults are receiving corrective dental braces later in life.
Braces are made of metal or ceramic, wires, and link material that attaches them to your teeth. Accomplishment rates of braces differ depending on your age when treatment begins and what your treatment targets are.
Types of braces
The type of braces that your orthodontist recommends will depend on several factors, such as your age and whether you have an overbite in addition to having crooked teeth. Braces are custom-made and individual to the needs of each person.
Classic braces that come up to to mind for most people are made of metal brackets that are pasted individually to each of your teeth. An arch wire puts pressure on your teeth and jaw line, and elastic O-rings connect the arch wire to the brackets.
The arch wire is adjusted periodically as your teeth slowly move into the desired place, and the elastic bands are switched out at orthodontist appointments.
Other types of braces include:
- lingual braces, which are placed totally behind your teeth
- invisible braces, also called aligner trays, which can be in use off and placed back on all through the day
How braces move teeth
The shape of your jaw gradually adapts to conform to this pressure. We tend to think of our teeth as being connected directly to our jawbone, making it hard to imagine how they can be moved. But beneath your gums is a membrane enclosed by your bones that roots your teeth to your jaw. This covering controls the position of your teeth, and it respond to the pressure being put on your teeth by braces.
Getting braces doesn’t harm during the appointment, and it takes between one to two hours for them to be fixed. You may experience soreness for the first week you have braces as you adjust. Each time your braces are adjusted by your orthodontist, you may also be sore for a few days.
After your teeth are clean and dry, ceramic, plastic, or stainless steel brackets are applied to your teeth using glue. Having the brackets applied may be uncomfortable, but it doesn’t cause pain.
These brackets will make it possible for pressure to be applied evenly to your teeth. They are connected and surrounded by wires made of stainless steel, nickel titanium, or copper titanium.
Elastic bands, called O-rings or ligatures, are placed around the brackets once they’re on your teeth. They add to the force on your jaw and are typical of most conventional brace treatments.
Spacers are made of rubber bands or metal rings. Your orthodontist may place them between your molars during an appointment.
Spacers push your jaw forward by adding space at the back of your mouth. They also make room for your braces if the back of your mouth is too tight to fit them properly.
Not everyone needs spacers. They are typically only used for a week or two at a time.
Arch wires connect the brackets on your teeth. They are the mechanism by which pressure is applied for your teeth to move into place. Arch wires can be made of stainless steel as well as nickel titanium or copper titanium.
Buccal tubes are metal parts that can be attached to one of your molars. The buccal tube anchors the other parts of the braces together at the back of your mouth. Your orthodontist can then tighten and release different parts of your braces.
Coil springs are sometimes placed on the arch wire of your braces. They pertain pressure between two of your teeth, pressing them apart and adding up space.
Face bow headgear
The need for headgear is rare, and it’s typically worn only at night. Headgear is a band that attaches to your braces to put extra pressure on your teeth when special correction is needed.
After you get braces, you’ll also need to avoid certain foods that can become trapped between the braces and your gum line. These foods include:
- hard candy
- chewing gum
When you have braces, your teeth are more inclined to trap foods that can cause tooth decay. Be mindful of how often you consume sugary beverages and starchy foods that can eat away at tooth enamel.
While you have braces, you’ll need to visit the orthodontist for an adjustment every 8 to 10 weeks.
How you prepare?
Preparation for braces generally involves:
- Oral exam.Your orthodontist conducts a full examination of your teeth, jaws and mouth.
- X-rays.You’ll get a series of X-rays to determine the position of teeth. The most common is the panoramic X-ray, which illustrates all the upper and lower teeth in biting site and any teeth still mounting within the jaws. Special head X-rays also may help settle on the size, position and relationship of jaws to teeth. These 3D X-rays give a better idea of the true position of the teeth to each other.
- Plaster models.You’ll bite into soft substance, which remains on your teeth for a few minutes. From this notion, a plaster model of your teeth (dental cast) is created and the orthodontist evaluates your bite. In some cases, this dental cast may be scanned into a digital format for further evaluation or treatment decisions.
- Potential tooth extraction.If your mouth is overloaded, there may be limited or no room in the jaw for all the existing teeth. This allocates the teeth to fit together better and also allows for sufficient space for cleaning.
- Other procedures.In severe cases, where tooth movement alone will not correct a bite that’s significantly out of alignment, jaw repositioning surgery is required in combination with orthodontics.
Therefore, the person wearing the braces has an important role to play in the success of the treatment. Follow the orthodontist’s instructions precisely, especially during the retention period. When it comes to this final phase, it’s important to wear the retainer as directed or risk losing the benefits gained while wearing braces.
Braces work by exerting pressure on your jaw line to change the way your smile appears. Having straight teeth and a properly aligned jaw can impact not only your appearance but your overall health.
So if you want to have a flawless smile then this treatment is best for you. You can visit our clinic for teeth braces in vijay nagar. We provide the best services as compared to other clinics.