What is a root canal treatment?

Root Canal is not a painful treatment

Opposite to what people think root canal, if done properly and by an experienced dentist is not at all painful. In fact, it is a painless process. Nominal pain may occur later as side effects which can be easily contradict with pain killers.

What is a root canal treatment?

Root canal treatment or endodontic treatment is essential when the centre part within the tooth, identified as the pulp, housing the blood vessels, nerves and living connective tissues, become infected or inflamed.

The root canal procedure is performed to save a wounded or badly infected tooth, instead of extracting it. This procedure is performed by an endodontic or a root canal specialist.

The most common causes of tooth damage or contagion are, cavities occurring due to plaque growth, cracked or broken tooth due to any accidents or trauma, gum diseases, and frequent dental treatment to a particular tooth. These issues can cause pulp irritation, infection and damage the pulp irreversibly. The person will at times experience unbearable pain. The pain may collapse when the pulp dies, but very often returns as the contagion spreads.

How is root canal procedure done?

The complete root canal process may take place in one sitting, or at times 2 or 3 session depending on the situation of the tooth. Each session may last between 30 – 90 minutes. It is a simple process with relatively little or no discomfort.

  1. At the outset, local anesthesia is overseen to the tooth which is to be treated.
  2. After the tooth and the adjacent areas become numb, the endodontic drills an opening through the crown or the biting facade of the tooth to access the pulp hollow. If it is a front tooth, the endodontic drills a breach from behind the tooth.
  3. Using particular files the endodontic cleans out the infected, diseased and dead pulp from the canals. The method does not cause any pain as the area is numb due to the anesthesia, and the tissue that is detached is dead.
  4. Once all the infected and dead tissue is detached, the canals are disinfected using antiseptic.
  5. The canals are then formed with fine instruments so that they can be filled with the root canal fillings known as gutta-percha and preserved. During the process of shaping, irrigation process is used to wash and clean the canals and remove the debris, before placing in the fillings and sealing the tooth.
  6. A transitory cover material which acts like a seal is placed above the gutta percha. This covering substance is kept in place till a crown or a cap which looks like a normal tooth is fitted atop the treated tooth.
    At times, a post is inserted into the channel next to the gutta percha to give the crown more support.
  7. Thereafter, the crown is paved in place so that it never dislodges.

Are there any side effects of root canal method?

  • A widespread side effect of root canal treatment is a dull pain in the tooth following the process. It usually disappears within a week after the treatment.
    However, if any bacteria leftovers even after the procedure, the infection may begin again. Therefore, it is suggested to go to the doctor if the pain stops after a few days of the method and recurs again.
  • At times there could be a break at the root of the tooth, which does not get noticed by the endodontic. If so, the crack leaves the area uncovered for bacteria and infection.
  • The crown may come loose which will render the treated tooth. If left exposed the seal on the tooth may corrode leaving the way for bacteria to enter and infect the tooth all over again.
    If the crown dislodges, you need to get it fixed at your dentist’s instantly.
  • If defective materials are used during the filling procedure, they may erode which may lead to bacterial infectivity again.
  • It usually takes a week to absolutely recover from a root canal treatment.


Therefore if you want to know more or think for tooth check up then visit us at Gupta dental clinic for root canal treatment in vijay nagar.

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